MARIANNA (Borisowna) TCHERKASKAYA Soprano, * 13 February 1875 St. Petersburg, † 1934 Riga;

16 Jan

She was educated at the exclusive Smolny Institute in St. Petersburg. Then she study her voice at the conservatory trained by Ossip Paletchek and by the famous Italian soprano Carolina Fermi. In 1898 she debuted in Narva (Estonia) as Tatiana in Tchaikovsky’s “Eugene Onegin.” Since April 1900 she was a member of the Imperial Court Opera of St. Petersburg, which she was until after the October Revolution of 1917. They estimated there in dramatic roles as Lisa in “Pique Dame,” as Donna Elvira in “Don Giovanni”, the Marina in “Boris Godunov”, the Rimsky-Korsakov Fevronia in “Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh” (St. Petersburg, 1907), the and Valentine in the “Huguenots,” but especially in Wagner roles (Senta in “The Flying Dutchman,” Elisabeth and Venus in “Tannhauser”, Ortrud in “Lohengrin”, Isolde in “Tristan”, Sieglinde Brünnhilde in Nibelungenring). In 1909, she made guest appearances at La Scala as Brünnhilde in “Valkyrie” and attracted the criticism as the public stir. In 1911, she sang with a Russian opera company at the Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt in Paris, Tatiana in “Eugene Onegin” with Georges Baklanoff; 1916-17 also welcoming as occurred at the Monte Carlo Opera. In March 1918, she sang her last performance in St. Petersburg (Leningrad), the Lisa in “Pique Dame”. They then fled to Latvia and lived in Riga since 1919. But she could no longer continue their great career and was only occasionally in Riga. Even a guest appearance in 1925 at the Théâtre des Vieux Colombiers in Paris led to no real success. In 1927 she appeared as Carmen in Riga again on, but otherwise limited to a teaching position in the Latvian capital. Other spelling of their name: Tscherkasskaya, Tcherkasskaya. It was originally thought that she had left no records. However recordings on HMV (Disque Amour) from the period around 1912 have emerged, including the duet “Ah viens mon doux berger” from “Pique Dame,” along with the alto Panina. On Melodiya recordings were released in 1907, including the great scene of Lisa from “The Queen of Spades” and a duet from the same opera with tenor Alexander Davidoff.

as Brünnhilde “Walküre”Scala 1909

as Brünnhilde “Siegfried”Scala 1909 (Collection G&K)

as Walkyrie “Walküren” St. Petersburg 1900

as Fewronja “Kitesch”St. Petersburg Feb. 1907 (Collection G&K)

as Fewronja “Kitesch” St. Petersburg Feb. 1907

as Lisa

as Tatjana

as Aida

as Aida as ? with Smirnov

as ?

with Baratoff “Rusalka” by Darjomiski Paris 1911

with Baratoff and Smirnov Paris 1911


Portrait (Collection G&K)

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Posted by on January 16, 2013 in Sopranos


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