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AMALIE (Amalia) MATERNA, Soprano, * 10 July 1844 St. Georgen in der Steiermark, † 18 January 1918 Wien;

30 Aug

Her father, who was a schoolteacher, died early. She was raised by her older brother, who was also a teacher in the village of St. Peter in Styria, and grew up poor. She received first singing lessons in Graz. In 1865 she made her debut as a soubrette at the Thalia Theater in Graz in the operetta “Light Cavalry Overture” by Franz von Suppe. Soon after, she married the popular actor and opera singer Karl Friedrich († 1892), she led since the name Amalie Friedrich-Materna. She stepped further into operetta Rolen and joined the Vienna Carl Theater, which had been committed to her and her husband. Once it was realized their aptitude for the dramatic soprano repertoire, she took after briefly studying at the Hofkapellmeister Proch at an engagement at the Vienna Court Opera, where she made her debut in 1869 as Selika in Meyerbeer’s “Africaine”. It was in Vienna that the successor of the great Louise Dustmann and remained until her departure from the stage in 1894, the acclaimed first dramatic soprano of this great opera house. She soon turned to the Wagner singing. Richard Wagner, who she met in Vienna figured her interpretation of his games and a particularly high given them for the role of Brünnhilde in the first performances of the Ring at the Bayreuth Festival in 1876. She sang the same role in “Valkyrie” (14/08/1876), in the “Siegfried” (08/16/1876) and in the “Twilight of the Gods” (17/08/1876), with the latter two operas premiered simultaneously experienced. In 1877, she created for the Vienna Brünnhilde in “Valkyrie”, 1878 in “Siegfried”. In 1877, she appeared in London’s Albert Hall on in glorious Wagnerian concerts. On 26/07/1882 she created in Bayreuth Kundry in the first performance of “Parsifal”, which it claimed then to 1891 in Bayreuth. She sang in 1881 in the performances of the Berlin Nibelungnrings Victoria Theatre under Angelo Neumann also Brünnhilde. 1884-85 she appeared at the Metropolitan New York on Ooper (debut as Elisabeth in “Tannhauser”). She sang the Rachel in “La Juive” by Halévy that. Valentine in the “Huguenots” by Meyerbeer and Brünnhilde in 1885 the premiere of ‘Valkyrie’ She appeared as a guest on the major opera houses in Germany and Austria, among others A.M. in Frankfurt, Dresden and Berlin. 1881-83 she took part in the European tour with Angelo Neumann s traveling Wagner Theatre, 1887 on a tour of Spain and Portugal. She graduated performances in Rotterdam (1886), Paris (1889 and 1894), Budapest, Brno (Brno) and the Deutsches Theater in Prague (1875). In 1894, she undertook with the Damrosch Opera Company, a North American tour, when she brought her big Wagner roles to the lecture. She left on 30.12.1894 as Brünnhilde in “Götterdämmerung” by her Viennese audience that adored her unusual. On 10/03/1875 she had at the Vienna Opera, the title role created in the premiere of “Queen of Sheba” from gold marks on 19.11.1886 she worked there in another opera premiere of a work by this master, “Merlin” with. Other stage games of the singer were Leonore in “Fidelio”, the Aida as Amneris in Verdi’s “Aida”, the title roles in “Armida” by Gluck and “Medea” by Cherubini, the Fides in the “prophets” of Meyerbeer and Amelia in Verdi’s “Simon Boccanegra.” After the end of her career she worked first in Graz, then in Vienna on educational area, but fell temporarily in great economic distress in 1913 she appeared again, now almost 70 years old, in Vienna at a concert to mark the 100th Birthday of Richard Wagner and the monologue sang Kundry. – Her impressive, in its dramatic force almost inexhaustible voice was regarded as a model for an entire generation of singers. She was one of the greatest Wagnerian singers of her generation. Four weeks before his death, Richard Wagner wrote from Venice to them: “Have you for your great and magnificent nature, which came as a fulfilled desire in my life – God, when I think of the last evenings Kundry: Adieu love , best, best, “She found her final resting place in a grave of honor in Vienna’s central cemetery. – Her niece Hedwig Materna (* 1871) had a successful singing career.

as Isolde Wien 1883

as Brünnhilde with Grane Bayreuth 1876

  

as Brünnhilde with Grane Bayreuth 1876

as Brünnhilde  Bayreuth 1876

as Brünnhilde  Bayreuth 1876

as Kundry  Bayreuth 1882

  

as Kundry  Bayreuth 1882

 

  

as Kundry  Bayreuth 1882

as Kundry  Bayreuth 1882

 

as Kundry with Winkelmann Bayreuth 1882 

  as Ortrud Wien (by courtesy of Peter Giljum)

as Kundry Bayreuth 1882

as Kundry Bayreuth 1882

 as Kundry Bayreuth 1886 

 

as Kundry Bayreuth 1882

 as Elisabeth MET 1885

as Rachel

 

as Queen of Saba

as Queen of Saba

as Selika? Karikatur (Collection G&K)

Portrait with? Wien

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Posted by on August 30, 2012 in Sopranos

 

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